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ES6 101 - Map

ES6 101 - Map
ES6 Map is the topic of today’s post which also is the 11th in the ES6 101 Series. Map is going to be fairly easy, so before jumping into it, if you want to look at other features we have covered so far, here is a quick list for your reference.Fat Arrow FunctionsLexical Declarations - LetLexical Declarations - ConstSpread OPeratorTemplate LiteralRest OperatorDefault parametersDestructuringFor…ofSetNow let’s see what Map has to offer. As opposed to Set (which by the way, I highly recommend reading), Map saves values as key-value pair. Let’s see for ourselves how this works!Example of ES6 Mapvar dummyMap = newMap(); dummyMap.set("1"); // Method is set as against add in ES6 Setconsole.log(dummyMap); // [["1",null]] dummyMap.set("1", "one"); console.log(dummyMap); // [["1","one"]] dummyMap.set("2", "two").set("3","three"); console.log(dummyMap); // [["1","one&…

Jquery Mobile Form - Text inputs

    In this post on "form text input's" styling and usage using Jquery Mobile we will cover various input types and textarea styling using JQM. We will also cover the various attributes that can be used with the input types. Text inputs and textareas are coded with standard HTML elements, then enhanced by Jquery Mobile to make them more attractive and useable on a mobile device.

    The text input elements are available in 2 flavors/sizes - regular and mini. Following is a standard HTML syntax for an input element.

    Adding a data attribute data-mini="true" to the input tag renders a smaller sized input element. Let's take a look at the code sample below to understand the working in a better way.

    Apart from the regular input type, to accept multi-line input, use the textarea element. The advantage of using textarea in Jquery Mobile is that, the framework auto grows the height of the textarea, avoiding the need for the content in the textarea to be scrolled internally. In the example below, you will see to implementations of textareas - one with label and textarea on 2 separate lines and the other with the label and textarea on the same line.

    In the code above, you will see 4 different implementations of the input element. The first one is a regular input of type text with the label and the textbox one below the other. The second implementation is exactly similar to the first implementation with the only difference of the added data attribute "data-mini="true"" which reduces the size (basically height) of the textbox.

    The third implementation gets the label and the textbox on the same line. This implementation is done using a div with data attribute data-role="fieldcontain" around the label and input tags. This div has to be within a form tag. Maintaining the HTML structure is very important when using JQuery Mobile framework.

    In the fourth implementation, we have used the HTML5 placeholder property and done away with the label completely. However, for the sake of accessibility, we have included the label tag with class="ui-hidden-accessible" so that the label is not displayed but is present in the HTML structure. This implementation is popularly used on mobile sites as this reduces the amount of scroll.

    To disable the input field just add the keyword "disabled" to the input tag and your input type would be disabled.

    A note on accessibility:
    For the sake of accessibility, jQuery Mobile requires that all form elements be paired with a meaningful label. To hide labels in a way that leaves them visible to assistive technologies — for example, when letting an element's placeholder attribute serve as a label — apply the helper class ui-hidden-accessible to the label itself. While the label will no longer be visible, it will be available to assisitive technologies such as screen readers.

    You can use the various input types supported in HTML5. The advantage of using the HTML5 input types is that keybords default to the particular input type are displayed by default. The following example demonstrates the various HTML5 input types that you can use. Try out the example on a mobile device and you will see for yourself the various keyboards that default the particular input type.

    The mobile browsers that do not support the new HTML5 input types will fall back to the default input type="text" and show the default alpha-numeric keyboard. Adding the images (screenshots) of default keyboards displayed for different input types on the Android and iOS devices, to this post would make the post really long and so I have included these images here.

    Hope this post has been informative to you and helps you use the various input types effectively in your next Jquery Mobile based application. Drop a comment to let me know what you feel about this post as well as the earlier series on Jquery Mobile listview. Share the post if is has helped you, so that maximum developers benefit from this one. Till next time, happy coding!

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ES6 101 - Spread operator

ES6 101 - Spread Operator
Welcome to the fourth post in the ES6 101 series and the topic of discussion today is the Spread operator or the dot dot dot operator.... It is not very common to call it the “dot dot dot” operator, but I just kind of like the ring to it! Also when you say “dot dot dot” it actually helps me visualize unpacking multiple gifts from a gift box. Wondering why I am taking about gifts and gift boxes and “dot dot dot”. Well, the spread operator... is actually more like unwrapping gifts from a gift box. The spread syntax allows an iterable such as an array expression to be expanded in-place. Let’s actually dive into some examples straight away. It is much more simpler that way!Examples of the ES6 Spread Operator ...Example #1Problem statement: Let’s write a function to display the sum of 3 numbers passed to it in an array.

We would have done this as follows in the old ES5 way. 😏var arr = [1,2,3]; functionsum(a,b,c) { var output = a + b + c; consol…

ES6 101 - Destructuring

ES6 101 - Destructuring ES6 Destructuring assignments is the topic of this post and we will take a look at what destructuring means and we will look at multiole examples to understand the concept. As the name suggests, using the destructuring syntax, we would be breaking down values in an array or properties in an object into seperate variables.Arrays and objects allow you create, on-the-fly various packages of data.let a = [1,2,3]; ES6 destructuring uses similar syntax, however the LHS will now be a variable that would hold the package that you need to create. Sounds complex? πŸ˜“ Not really, just move ahead to the example that follows and you should get the hang of it.let a = [1,2,3]; let [x,y] = a; // We are now assigning array 'a' to a new arrayconsole.log(x); // 1console.log(y); // 2let [m,n,o] = a; console.log(m); // 1console.log(n); // 2console.log(o); // 3This helps us clearly see what destructuring does for an array! It basically unpacks the values in the array a…

ES6 101 - For..of

ES6 101 - For..of This is the 9th post in the ES6 series and we have looked at a whole bunch of some amazing and highly productive ES6 features that you can start using right away! Here is a comprehensive list of all the features that we have covered so far. 😍Fat Arrow FunctionsLexical Declarations - LetLexical Declarations - ConstSpread OPeratorTemplate LiteralRest OperatorDefault parametersDestructuringNow let’s look at what for..if has to offer us. Essentially, for..of does exactly the opposite of what does. Let’s see what the difference is.// Using for..inlet someVar = [1,2,3,4,5] for(let item in someVar) { console.log(item); // The index values would be consoled. } When you execute the above code snippet, you will observe that, you get all the index values 0 1 2 3 4 of the array in the console. If you had to get access to the values at these indexes in the array, you would have to add the following to the above snippet in the loop.console.log(`${it…

ES6 101 - Set

ES6 101 - Set
This is going to be the 10th post in the ES6 101 series and the topic for today is Set. Set object is a collection of values and is iterable. One cool thing about the values in set is that these are unique. This means that a set can have a value only once. Moreover you can think of a set as an actualy set in Mathematics. We will see a few samples to understand this concept of set.Examples of ES6 SetCreating a new set and adding values to it.Let’s create a new set and add some values to it and then discuss it further.let dummySet = newSet(); // That's it! A new set object is created dummySet.add(1); console.log(dummySet); // [1] dummySet.add(1); console.log(dummySet); // [1] and not [1,1]. This is because, values in a set are unique. dummySet.add(2).add(3).add(4); console.log(dummySet); // [1,2,3,4] dummySet.add('The UnderTaker').add('John Cena'); console.log(dummySet); // [1,2,3,4,'The UnderTaker…